Essay notes for ias

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essay notes for ias

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This step results in a debit to the cost of goods sold account and a credit to the reserve for obsolete inventory account. Although managers may be tempted to write off obsolete inventory in small increments, gaap clearly requires that writing off obsolete inventory all at once. Two ways to prevent large write-offs are too frequently review inventory for obsolescence and to include an expense reserve for obsolescence in the annual budget and encourage the managers to use. Inventory write-downs should generally be made on an item-by-item basis when using ifrs. Gaap allows for write-downs to be made using categories of items and like ifrs, does allow write-downs to be performed on an item-by-item basis. When certain conditions are met, ifrs allows inventories that were previously written down to market value to be reversed. Conclusion, in studying both ifrs and us gaap i feel ifrs is considered more of a principles based accounting standard than gaap, which is considered more rules based.

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Because of last laborer in, first outs generally lower reported profits, businesses utilizing this valuation of inventory can have a harder time finding investors. Individuals and businesses looking to invest their money are usually looking for companies that show substantial profit growth over a period of time. With last in, first out, profits will rise with apa inflation but they will not reflect the kind of healthy business investors are seeking. Due to the complexities of last in, first out cost layers, accountants can have a difficult time accurately recording costs and expenses. This is especially true of large businesses that have many operations that implement different inventory management techniques. In the end, fifo is the most widely recognized and accepted valuation method for inventory management. Its safer, easier and is more advantageous in the long run that dealing with the confusion and potential profit loss of last in, first out. Finding 3, under ifrs, if inventory is written down, the write down can be reversed in future periods if specific criteria are met. Under gaap, once inventory has been written down, any reversal is prohibited. When a business has inventory that it cannot sell, it must write off the obsolete inventory as an expense. The accounting method for this expense is for the business to determine if the inventory has any disposal value, you subtract the value from the inventorys book value and set aside the difference in a reserve account.

Lifo has much more complicated cost layers than fifo does. Cost layers are a way to keep track of the inventory, din purchasing expenses and profits. Heres an example to further demonstrate cost layers. Like mentioned above, last in, first out most often means lower profits for the company, but when you report lower profits, you dont have to pay as many income taxes. This allows the business to have more cash-on-hand to use for opportunities and to purchase more inventory. Because of inflation, where costs and expenses continue to rise, last in, first out will have a lower profit margin. This is because there is little to no inflation gap to allow last in, first out businesses to capitalize on their inventory.

essay notes for ias

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The last in first out method may seem counter-intuitive to some. And for most,. In fact its only allowed in the us and its banned by the International Financial Reporting Standards (ifrs). Last in first out is the opposite of first in first out, in that the last items acquired by the business are essay the first ones sold. Most businesses could never implement lifo because they would lose out on money due to spoiled goods and would experience lower profit. The companies that decide to use last in the first out method over the first in first out method most often do it for the tax advantages. However, there can also be tax liabilities. The advantages drinking of lifo are also its disadvantages as the only real purpose of instituting lifo is to avoid paying higher taxes but this means profits are generally lower.

This way, your balance sheet is always showing current market prices. I think one of the biggest disadvantages to fifo is the inconsistent prices given to clients. For example, if youre buying that same batch of dog food for 4,000 and the next month you have to spend 6,000, youre obviously going to have to increase your asking price a bit or your profit margin shrinks. Repeat clients may find this challenging at times but they should also understand the ebb and flow of the market. The second disadvantage would be clerical errors. When inventory prices are always in flux it can become cumbersome to correctly record cost of goods, selling price of goods and any discrepancy that may occur because of rising or falling market prices. With last in first out, the last batch of goods purchased is the first batch of goods being sold so the likelihood of a price change is low. However, lifo has many cost layers and can become quite confusing to record correctly. There is more to this but see lifo disadvantages below.

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essay notes for ias

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Finding 2, under ifrs, the last in, first pdf out method for accounting for inventory costs is not allowed. Under gaap, either the last in first out or first in first out inventory estimates can be used. The move to a single method of inventory costing could lead to enhanced comparability between countries, and remove the need for analysts to adjust lifo inventories in their comparison analysis. The first in first out method of inventory management explains the order in which inventory is purchased and then sold. When a business utilizes the fifo method, they sell the products that they received first before selling the products they received last. Fifo is the most popular method of inventory management as its easier to use than its last in first out counterpart and its more practical especially when regarding perishable goods.

When a company uses fifo they are less likely to incur old and outdated inventory that can no longer be sold. Accountants have to write off whats called obsolete inventory after a certain amount of time goes by and the product is not used essay or sold. Because fifo makes sure that the oldest items in stock are used or sold before they are deemed obsolete companies can save money. With cost accounting comes a lot of financial recording. When companies use fifo they will constantly have an updated reflection of the current market prices for the items in their inventory. This happens as older products are taken from the inventory stock to be sold, the newer inventory is left on the books for the end of the month.

Manage time between speed and accuracy while solving the questions. Dont run from difficult topics. Try to clear. Use short tricks to solve questions. Dont be hurry while reading the question paper in examination hall and understand what is asked before answering.


Read Out: ias success Stories Note: Aspirants are advised to stay connected with us through google Plus or bookmark our web portal m or bookmark it for acquiring latest ias study material 2018. If you have any question regarding this then you can leave your Comment in a below mentioned comment box, we will solve your query as soon as possible. You may also like to visit This Section. That every material class of similar items has to be presented separately. Items that are of a dissimilar nature or function shall be presented separately unless they are immaterial. Ifrs requires that at least annually a complete set of financial statements is presented. However, most companies generally also publish interim financial statements.

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Solve previous years question papers. Make good exam strategy and execute. Must read mock test papers. Read newspapers, articles for metamorphosis current affairs. Prepare your own hand written notes. Make more and more practice for writing answers. Try to clear the basic concept of topics.

essay notes for ias

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Essay notes for ias
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