Is my conversation style appropriate for the audience, the topic, and my overall appearance? That rhetorical figures of speech create a strong emotional effect. Also the knowledge about the underlying concepts of certain emotional figures,. Are supportive for creating more clear and vivid messages. Are there some parts I can spice up with rhetorical figures? Do i know slogans that i or the audience like, can I reuse them or at least their structure. That life is just a game of inches other great speeches by Al Pacino links. Summary: Our latest collection of the best motivational books for self-improvement!
Can i a refer to it shortly? Who is the audience? With whom the identify, what is an authority for them? That a strong underlying and recurring theme (game of inches) creates a higher retention and enables the audience to refer to the speech (and its emotions more easily afterwards.) Can you arrange your speech/presentation (and every sub-element) around one clear and simple theme? Are there points to differ from the overall theme, are they important? That a variation in energy level has a stronger result than the maintenance of one energy level. (Note: A speech with an unchanging energy level as united comparison is necessary for this, which will be added here shortly.) Where should I throw in a variation,. G., funny/interesting analogy, narrative element,"? What parts of the speech could be presented more formal, energetic, enthusiastic, passionate, that the alignment of ethos, pathos, and logos creates a synergy effect that enhances the message of the speech. Thus, when you prepare a speech that you try to communicate your message not only on a verbal level, but also with your character and emotions. Are my message and my delivery form in an alignment?
(Note that a lot of the argumentation is not really sufficient from a logical viewpoint, also the conclusions are sometimes implicit or have to be taken by the audience.) Now the structure: situation confession (about life) life to game analogy this resume team living is fighting. Then he goes into a rant about his life, which underlines his ethos. Furthermore, follows the analogy of life and game to the team. Then making the last point that living is fighting. Now, the different structure elements contain different messages and are also presented with according pathos and ethos. Uh, i nearly forgot to mention the overall theme of the speech (game of inches it is mentioned over and over again, directly or in a clear reference. What you can learn from this speech (and ask yourself accordingly) Adapting your ethos to the audience and the situation (aptum). Do i know the situation before-hand?
Hence, there is not only a comparison of game and life on a logical level (logos) but also with an emotional background. Finally, he offers a solution to win in life/game by expressing that it is a small step at a time (logos while at the same time pushing his character (ethos) and creating emotional affects with various means from them underlined with rhetorical figures. (Note: ethos deals with expressing himself, whereas pathos deals with the emotional effects thesis on the audience; ethos is a prerequisite for a functional pathos.) Logos Logos deals with structure, the messages, and argumentation of the speech. Al Pacino doesnt argue about certain facts,. G., biggest battles, you find out that life is just a game of inches. The argumentation schemes are based on comparison and opposition (also notable in the figures of speech. G., either we heal as a team or we are going to crumble., which also underlines the black and white attitude of the speech.
Pathos This speech is good a showcase for the emotional effects of rhetorical figures of speech. Most of these rhetorical figures can be easily discovered since they are visible in structure (recurring text patterns). As can be seen from the transcript above, there are many rhetorical figures and there are probably more. Rhetorical figures work with rhythms (repetition contrasting emotions (antithesis and other mostly unconscious effects. Yet, a rhetorical figure is mostly an enhancement of an already good speech. In this paragraph I want to talk about the emotional structuring of the speech. After the beginning the coach does a rant about the wrong decisions and actions in his life. He takes this life situation and compares it to the game. Thus, taking the strong emotions of failing in life and letting them converge into the game.
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The coach (Al Pacino) starts with expressing that he is overwhelmed by the situation. Thus, reflecting in his person the feelings of his players, this is a good example for aptum/decorum. He appears like a broken warrior, similar to his audience. His voice is slow and low, yet not without variation,. G., he raises it for I cant do it for you. Pacinos body language is slow and not overly expressive.
Additionally, he appears to be avoiding eye contact as much as possible. Then, before the second minute he changes gradually form the broken warrior to an old wise warrior (who knows how to overcome any situation) with a strong spirit and experience. The whole energy goes up; his voice, body language, movements, content. He engages in strong eye contact with the audience. Yet, just before the end of the speech, there a sudden break right is initiated. He takes his energy back to underline that he is not the player/team (warrior but the coach (wise warrior).
RF: exclamatio; also there is no verb in this sentence 6 Now I cant make you. You gotta look at the guy next to you. Look into his eyes. Now I think you are going to see a guy who will go that inch with you. You are going to see a guy who will sacrifice himself for this team because he knows when it comes down to it, you are gonna do the same thing for him. Thats a team, gentlemen and either we heal now, as a team, or we will die as individuals.
RF: antithesis; parallelism; hyperbole Thats football guys. RF: simile Thats all. Now, whattaya gonna do? RF: interrogatio analysis This video is a great example for a speech with a great alignment of all three persuasive appeals: ethos, pathos, and logos. With alignment in this case i mean, that they are in a strong correlation with each other. First, there is an examination of the transcript, which deals mostly to show some of the rhetorical figures of speech used in this speech. It is followed by a description of the three persuasive appeals. To conclude a section about what can be learned from this speech is added.
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RF: hyperbole They are in every break of the game, every minute, every second. RF: geminatio: every; (anti)climax: break, minute, second; asyndeton 4 On this team, we fight for that inch. On this team, we tear ourselves, and everyone around us to pieces for that inch. RF: anaphora; exclamatio; hyperbole we claw with our finger nails for that inch. Cause we know when we add up all those inches thats going to make the fucking difference between winning and losing between living and dying. RF: antithesis 5Ill tell you this in any fight it is the guy who is willing to die who is going to win umum that inch. RF: hyperbole; simile : the guy who And i know if i am going to have any life any more it is because, i am still willing to fight, and die for that inch because that is what living. RF: hyperbole; simile: willing to fight what living is The six inches in front of your face.
Thats, thats part of life. But, you only learn that when you start losing stuff. You find out that life is just a game of inches. RF: metaphor: life game of inches so is football. Because in either game life or football thesis the margin for error is so small. RF: synonymia: life footbal I mean one half step too late or too early you dont quite make. RF: antithesis One half second too slow or too fast RF: antithesis and you dont quite catch. RF: parallelism to the sentence above, also repetition of too; RF: anaphora : one half The inches we need are everywhere around.
man could make. RF: confessio hyperbole,. I pissed away all my money rf: geminatio: ladder of Is believe it or not. I chased off anyone who has ever loved. RF: confessio hyperbole And lately, i cant even stand the face i see in the mirror. RF: confessio hyperbole 3you know when you get old in life things get taken from you.
1I dont know what to say really. RF: confessio admitting an error. Three minutes to the biggest battle of our professional lives all comes down to today. RF: hyperbole: biggest battle all today, either we heal as a team or we are going to crumble. RF: antithesis : heal. Crumble, inch by inch play umum by play till were finished. RF: parallelism : inch play, climax : inch play. We are in hell right now, gentlemen RF: hyperbole: hell believe me and we can stay here and get the shit kicked out of us or we can fight our way back into the light. RF: geminatio the repetition of a word or word group within one sentence: we can; antithesis: stay kicked.
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Al Pacino famous inch by inch speech in the movie. Watch, then read the analysis with transcript and thesis then read what you can learn from this speech. Transcript, the transcript provides some interesting insights in the structuring and rhetorical figures. I took it from this site. Notes are in brackets. Rf is short for rhetorical figure of speech. A number in brackets,. G., 2 refers to the according structural part. Most of figures are linked, also some general links can be found at the end of this site.