Yishan Wong, an early facebook employee, was the. Of Reddit from 2012 to 2014. He, too, had eye surgery for survival purposes, eliminating his dependence, as he put it, on a nonsustainable external aid for perfect vision. In an e-mail, wong told me, most people just assume improbable events dont happen, but technical people tend to view risk very mathematically. He continued, The tech preppers do not necessarily think a collapse is likely. They consider it a remote event, but one with a very severe downside, so, given how much money they have, spending a fraction of their net worth to hedge against this. Is a logical thing.
Day on a desert island, essay - 414 Words
The fears were different in Silicon Valley. Around the same time that Huffman, on Reddit, was watching the advance of database the financial crisis, justin Kan heard the first inklings of survivalism among his peers. Kan co-founded Twitch, a gaming network that was later sold to Amazon for nearly a billion dollars. Some of my friends were, like, the breakdown of society is imminent. We should stockpile food, he said. But then we got a couple of bags of rice and five cans of tomatoes. We would have been dead if resume there was actually a real problem. I asked Kan what his prepping friends had in common. Lots of money and resources, he said. What are the other things I can worry about and prepare for?
In 2012, national geographic Channel launched doomsday preppers, a reality show featuring a series of Americans bracing for what they called. (when the shit hits the fan). The première drew more than four million viewers, and, by the end of the first season, it was the most popular show in the channels history. A survey commissioned by national geographic found that forty per cent of Americans believed that stocking up on where supplies or building a bomb shelter was a wiser investment than a 401(k). Online, the prepper discussions run from folksy (a moms guide to Preparing for civil Unrest) to grim (How to eat a pine Tree to survive). The reëlection of Barack Obama was a boon for the prepping industry. Conservative devotees, who accused Obama of stoking racial tensions, restricting gun rights, and expanding the national debt, loaded up on the types of freeze-dried cottage cheese and beef stroganoff promoted by commentators like glenn Beck and sean Hannity. A network of readiness trade shows attracted conventioneers with classes on suturing (practiced on a pig trotter) and photo opportunities with survivalist stars from the tv show naked and Afraid. The living room of an apartment at the survival Condo Project.
When were talking about a faith-based collapse, youre going to start to see the chips in the foundation on social media first. How did a preoccupation with the apocalypse come to flourish in Silicon Valley, a place known, to the point of cliché, for unstinting confidence in its ability to change the world for the better? Those impulses are not as contradictory as they seem. Technology rewards the ability to imagine wildly different futures, roy bahat, the head of Bloomberg Beta, a san Francisco-based venture-capital firm, told. When you do that, its pretty common that you take things ad infinitum, and that leads you to utopias and dystopias, he paper said. It can inspire radical optimism—such as the cryonics movement, which calls for freezing bodies at death in the hope that science will one day revive them—or bleak scenarios. Tim Chang, the venture capitalist who keeps his bags packed, told me, my current state of mind is oscillating between optimism and sheer terror. In recent years, survivalism has been edging deeper into mainstream culture.
Long before the financial crisis became front-page news, early signs appeared in user comments on Reddit. People were starting to whisper about mortgages. They were worried about student debt. They were worried about debt in general. There was a lot of, This is too good to be true. This doesnt smell right. . he added, Theres probably some false positives in there as well, but, in general, i think were a pretty good gauge of public sentiment.
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I also have this somewhat egotistical view that Im a pretty good leader. I will probably be in charge, or at least not a slave, when push comes to shove. Over the years, huffman has become increasingly concerned about basic American political stability and the risk of large-scale unrest. He said, some sort of institutional collapse, then you just lose shipping—that sort of stuff. (Prepper blogs call such a scenario.
R.O.L., without rule of law.) Huffman has come to believe that contemporary life rests on a fragile consensus. I think, to some degree, we all collectively take it on faith that our country works, that our currency is valuable, the peaceful transfer of power—that all of these things that we hold dear work because we believe they work. While i do believe theyre quite resilient, and weve been through a lot, certainly were going to go through a lot more. In building Reddit, a community of thousands of discussion threads, into one of the most frequently visited sites in the world, huffman has grown aware of the way that technology alters our relations with one another, for better and for worse. He has witnessed how social media can magnify public fear. Its easier for people to panic when theyre together, he said, pointing out that the Internet has made it easier for people to be together, yet it also alerts people to emerging risks.
To protect his wife and daughter, he said, i dont have guns, but I have a lot of other weaponry. I took classes in archery. For some, its just brogrammer entertainment, a kind of real-world sci-fi, with gear; for others, like huffman, its been a concern for years. Ever since i saw the movie deep Impact, he said. The film, released in 1998, depicts a comet striking the Atlantic, and a race to escape the tsunami.
Everybodys trying to get out, and theyre stuck in traffic. That scene happened to be filmed near my high school. Every time i drove through that stretch of road, i would think, i need to own a motorcycle because everybody else is screwed. Huffman has been a frequent attendee at Burning Man, the annual, clothing-optional festival in the nevada desert, where artists mingle with moguls. He fell in love with one of its core principles, radical self-reliance, which he takes to mean happy to help others, but not wanting to require others. (Among survivalists, or preppers, as some call themselves, fema, the federal Emergency management Agency, stands for foolishly Expecting meaningful Aid.) Huffman has calculated that, in the event of a disaster, he would seek out some form of community: being around other people is a good.
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Tim Chang, a business forty-four-year-old managing director at mayfield Fund, a venture-capital firm, told me, theres a bunch of us in the valley. We meet up and have these financial-hacking dinners and talk about backup plans people are doing. It runs the gamut from a lot of people stocking up on Bitcoin and cryptocurrency, to figuring out how to get second passports if they need it, to having vacation homes in other countries that could be escape havens. He said, Ill be candid: Im stockpiling now on real estate to generate passive income but also to have havens to. He and his wife, who is in technology, paper keep a set of bags packed for themselves and their four-year-old daughter. He told me, i kind of have this terror scenario: Oh, my god, if there is a civil war or a giant earthquake that cleaves off part of California, we want to be ready. . When Marvin liao, a former Yahoo executive who is now a partner at 500 Startups, a venture-capital firm, considered his preparations, he decided that his caches of water and food were not enough. What if someone comes and takes this?
started telling peers in the bay area about his little island project, they came out of the woodwork to describe their own preparations, he said. I think people who are particularly attuned to the levers by which society actually works understand that we are skating on really thin cultural ice right now. In private facebook groups, wealthy survivalists swap tips on gas masks, bunkers, and locations safe from the effects of climate change. One member, the head of an investment firm, told me, i keep a helicopter gassed up all the time, and I have an underground bunker with an air-filtration system. He said that his preparations probably put him at the extreme end among his peers. But he added, a lot of my friends do the guns and the motorcycles and the gold coins. Thats not too rare anymore.
He is less focussed on a specific threat—a quake on the san Andreas, a pandemic, a dirty bomb—than he is on the aftermath, the temporary collapse of our government and friendship structures, as he puts. I own a couple of motorcycles. I have a bunch of guns and ammo. I figure that, with that, i can hole up in my house for some amount of time. Survivalism, the practice of preparing for a crackup of civilization, tends to evoke a certain picture: the woodsman in the tinfoil hat, the hysteric with the hoard of beans, the religious doomsayer. But in recent years survivalism has expanded to more affluent quarters, taking root in Silicon Valley and New York city, among technology executives, hedge-fund managers, and others in their economic cohort. Last spring, as the Presidential campaign exposed increasingly toxic divisions in America, antonio garcía martínez, a forty-year-old former Facebook product manager living in San Francisco, bought five wooded acres on an island in the pacific Northwest and brought in generators, solar panels, and thousands. When society loses a healthy founding myth, it descends into chaos, he told. The author of Chaos Monkeys, an acerbic Silicon Valley memoir, garcía martínez wanted a refuge that would be far from cities but not entirely isolated.
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An armed guard stands at the entrance of the survival Condo Project, a former missile silo north of Wichita, kansas, that has been converted into luxury apartments for people worried about the crackup of civilization. Photograph by dan Winters for The new Yorker. Steve huffman, the thirty-three-year-old co-founder and. Of Reddit, which is writing valued at six hundred million dollars, was nearsighted until november, 2015, when he arranged to have laser eye surgery. He underwent the procedure not for the sake of convenience or appearance but, rather, for a reason he doesnt usually talk much about: he hopes that it will improve his odds of surviving a disaster, whether natural or man-made. If the world ends—and not even if the world ends, but if we have trouble—getting contacts or glasses is going to be a huge pain in the ass, he told me recently. Without them, Im fucked. Huffman, who lives in San Francisco, has large blue eyes, thick, sandy hair, and an air of restless curiosity; at the University of Virginia, he was a competitive ballroom dancer, who hacked his roommates Web site as a prank.