Several favourites had sexual relations with the monarch (or the monarch's spouse but the feelings of the monarch for the favourite covered the full gamut from a simple faith in the favourite's abilities to various degrees of emotional affection and dependence, sometimes even sexual infatuation. The term has an inbuilt element of disapproval and is defined by the. Oxford English Dictionary as "One who stands unduly high in the favour of a prince citing. William Shakespeare : "like favourites/ Made proud by Princes". 2, contents, rises and falls of favourites edit, favourites inevitably tended to incur the envy and loathing of the rest of the nobility, and monarchs were sometimes obliged by political pressure to dismiss or execute them; in the middle Ages nobles often rebelled in order. Too close a relationship between monarch and favourite was seen as a breach of the natural order and hierarchy of society. Since many favourites had flamboyant "over-reaching" personalities, they often led the way to their own downfall with their rash behaviour. As the opinions of the gentry and bourgeoisie grew in importance, they too often strongly disliked favourites.
Quaid-e-azam is my national hero or my favourite
ross Smith, Inside language, first walking Tree publishers (2007. "A spit-and-polish event (in more ways than one. dorsett, lyle.; mead, marjorie., eds. Lewis: Letters to Children. Further reading edit External links edit. For other uses of "favourite" or "favorite see. A favourite or favorite american English ) was the intimate companion of a ruler or other important person. Early modern Europe, among other times and places, the term is used of individuals delegated significant political power by a ruler. It was especially a phenomenon of the 16th and 17th centuries, property when government had become too complex for many hereditary rulers with no great interest in or talent for it, and political institutions were still evolving. From 1600 to 1660 there were particular successions of all-powerful minister-favourites in much of Europe, especially in Spain, England, France and Sweden. 1, the term is also sometimes employed by writers who want to avoid terms such as " royal mistress or "friend "companion" or "lover" of either sex.
"The most beautiful word". fitzgerald, Francis Scott (2004). Ugh!"" Baltimore Writers". In Matthew Joseph Bruccoli, judith baughman. lederer, richard (1998) 1989. Crazy english (revised.). "Everything you were afraid to ask about short "Donnie darko".
Retrieved colby, frank xmas (3 november 1949). "take my word For It". Retrieved boyd, louis. "quot; the raven "cellar door"?". Blount, Alma (January 1914). "III: Melody thesis and Harmony". Intensive studies in English Literature.
The fellowship: The literary lives of the Inklings:. Lewis, Owen Barfield, Charles Williams. New York: Farrar Straus and Giroux. University of Wales Press. howells, william dean (March 1905). Harper's Magazine : 645. "Slide down my cellar door". "GN response to comment by "Emma". "Words to "Playmates" Song Stir Up Controversy".
Essay on various topics, current Topics and General Issues
18 Alternative spellings edit some proper names have used alternative spellings of cellar door that preserve the sound of the phrase without the original meaning. Citation needed columnist Maxine martz wrote in 1988 about one margaret Masters, who heard about cellar door at Drake university, advertising and later named her baby sister Sellador. Lewis wrote in 1963, "I was astonished when someone first showed that by writing cellar door as Selladore one produces an enchanting proper name." 1 20 see also edit in a 1966 interview, tolkien said: "Supposing you say some quite ordinary words to me—'cellar door. From that, i might think of a name 'selador and from that a character, a situation begins to grow". 5 nunberg identifies "Playmates" as an earlier song from which "i dont Want to Play in your Yard" was derived; in fact the derivation is the reverse. 9 10 References edit a b c d e f g h i j Barrett, Grant (14 February 2010). "On Language: Cellar door".
New York times Magazine. a b Nunberg, geoff (26 February 2010). "The romantic Side of Familiar Words". Retrieved 27 February 2010. "The lost Art of Bannister Sliding". jacques Barzun, An Essay on French Verse for readers of English poetry (New Directions, 1991). Isbn zaleski, philip; Zaleski, carol (2015).
Mencken in 1920, by professor david Allen Robertson in 1921, 1 and by critic george jean Nathan in 1935. 1 In 1932, poet Wilfred. Funk publicized Funk wagnalls dictionary with a top ten list of beautiful words, which did not include cellar door. 1 Writers were polled afterwards for their own candidates, and three included cellar door : Hendrik willem van loon, dorothy parker, and Albert payson Terhune. 1 The baltimore sun responded: Three poets who were questioned as to their preferences agreed that the measure of a word and its associations are far more important in judging its beauty than the mere sound. Although Baltimore writers showed wide disagreement in their preferences, none could make out why writers in New York think 'cellar-door' should be ranked at the top.
15 The teenage protagonist of Norman mailer 's 1967 novel Why Are we in vietnam? Attributes the observation to "a committee of Language hump-type professors. Back in 1936 ". 1 Richard Lederer in Crazy english claims that. Mencken had claimed in a 1940s poll that cellar door had been favored by a student from China. film Donnie darko, the phrase cellar door is discussed in one scene, and an actual cellar door figures into the plot in a later scene. 17 The remark is attributed to "a famous linguist" in the dialogue script of the film. When asked about the origin of the phrase, writer-director Richard Kelly inaccurately suggested Edgar Allan poe as the possible source.
Cellar door - wikipedia
Petrie 's 1894 hit song "i don't Want to Play in your Yard which contains the lyric, "you'll be sorry when you see me sliding down our cellar door after which slide down my cellar door' became a kind of catchphrase to suggest innocent friendship". 8 b A story told by syndicated columnists Frank colby in 1949 11 and. Boyd in 1979 paper holds that cellar door was Edgar Allan poe 's favorite phrase, and that the refrain nevermore in " The raven " was chosen as "the closest word to 'cellar door' he could think." 12 This may derive from a 1914 essay. An beauty amusing story is told of an Italian lady who knew not a word of English, but who, when she heard the word cellar-door, was convinced that English must be a most musical language. If the word were not in our minds hopelessly attached to a humble significance, we, too, might be charmed by its combination of spirant, liquids, and vowels. 13 In 1919, with Prohibition in the United States about to come into force, cartoons magazine jocularly invoked the idea when predicting the rise of speakeasies hidden in basements: That eastern professor who said, one time that cellar-door was the most beautiful word in English. If cellar-door is not the most beautiful word it is probably, now that the great drouth is upon us, the most popular. 14 The rhythmic or musical quality of the phrase was referenced.
Tolkien is often given credit for the idea that cellar door is an especially beautiful phrase. 1 a an excerpt from Tolkien's 1955 lecture " English and Welsh " reads in part: Most English-speaking people. Will admit that cellar door is 'beautiful especially if dissociated from its sense (and staar from its spelling). More beautiful than, say, sky, and far more beautiful than beautiful. Well then, in Welsh for me cellar doors are extraordinarily frequent, and moving to the higher dimension, the words in which there is pleasure in the contemplation of the association of form and sense are abundant. 6 However, an earlier instance can be found in the 1903 novel gee-boy by the Shakespeare scholar Cyrus lauron hooper: he was laughed at by a friend, but logic was his as well as sentiment; an Italian savant maintained that the most beautiful combination. The cellar-door is purely American. 1 William dean Howells in the march 1905 issue of Harper's Magazine attributes to a "courtly Spaniard" the", "Your language too has soft and beautiful words, but they are not always appreciated. What could be more musical than your word cellar-door?" 7 In 2014, geoff Nunberg speculated that the choice of cellar door might have arisen from Philip Wingate and Henry.
our language was 'cellardoor'. It was not beautiful to me and I wondered where its evocative power lay for the japanese. Was it because they find l and r difficult to pronounce, and the word thus acquires remoteness and enchantment? I asked, and learned also that Tatsuo sakuma, my friend, had never seen an American cellar door, either inside a house or outside — the usual two flaps on a sloping ledge. No doubt that lack of visual familiarity added to the words appeal. He also enjoyed going to restaurants and hearing the waiter ask if he would like salad or roast vegetables, because again the phrase 'salad or' could be heard. I concluded that its charmlessness to speakers of English lay simply in its meaning. It has the l and r sounds and d and long o dear to the analysts of verse music, but it is prosaic. Compare it with 'celandine where the image of the flower at once makes the sound lovely. 4 Use in literature edit author.
Outside doors are more common to pubs and restaurants. Citation needed, from the nineteenth century, many American houses on large plots had warming slanted trapdoors abutting the side and opening onto a flight of steps leading down into the cellar. By the mid-twentieth century this rustic feature was a rarity; in 1953, william Chapman White wrote in the, new York herald Tribune : The modern small home or apartment has. Deprived today's child. The pleasant summer afternoon activity of sliding down cellar doors. Just what happened to the slanted cellar door in this efficient age isn't clear; although cellars have remained, nothing has disappeared more quietly from modern life than these cellar doors. Linguist, geoffrey nunberg suggests the use of such a semantically banal term to illustrate the idea of beauty appeals to aesthetes as "an occasion to display a capacity to discern beauty in the names of prosaic things".
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For other uses, see, cellar door (disambiguation). In phonaesthetics, the, english compound noun cellar door has been cited as an xmas example of a word or phrase which is beautiful purely in terms of its sound ( euphony without regard for semantics (i.e., meaning). It has been variously presented either as merely one beautiful instance of many, or as the most beautiful in the. English language ; as the author's personal choice, that of an eminent scholar's, or of a foreigner who does not speak the language. 1 2, the original instance of this observation has not been discovered, although it was made as early as 1903. Contents, meaning and aesthetic qualities edit, in the United States, houses are often built with a door or pair of shutters between the outside of a building and its cellar. In Britain, Ireland and Canada, a cellar door is often located within a house and opens onto a flight of stairs leading to the cellar.