32 Horder prescribed her an antidepressant, a monoamine oxidase inhibitor, 32 a few days before her suicide. Knowing she was at risk alone with two young children, he says he visited her daily and made strenuous efforts to have her admitted to a hospital; when that failed, he arranged for a live-in nurse. Commentators have argued that because antidepressants may take up to three weeks to take effect, her prescription from Horder would not have taken full effect. 34 The nurse was due to arrive at 9:00 the morning of February 11, 1963, to help Plath with the care of her children. Upon arrival, she could not get into the flat, but eventually gained access with the help of a workman, Charles Langridge. They found Plath dead of carbon monoxide poisoning with her head in the oven, having sealed the rooms between her and her sleeping children with tape, towels and cloths. 35 At approximately 4:30 am, Plath had placed her head in the oven, with the gas turned. 36 She was 30 years old.
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Her only novel, The bell Jar, was released in January 1963, published under the pen name victoria lucas, and was met with critical indifference. 31 Final depressive episode and death hospitality edit 23 Fitzroy road, near Primrose hill, london, where Plath committed suicide before her death, Plath tried several times to take her own life. 32 On August 24, 1953, Plath overdosed on pills in the cellar of her mother's home. In June 1962, Plath drove her car off the side of the road, into a river, which she later said was an attempt to take her own life. 33 In January 1963, Plath spoke with. . John Horder, her general practitioner (GP) 32 and a close friend who lived near her. She described the current depressive episode she was experiencing; it had been ongoing for six or seven months. 32 While for most of the time she had been able to continue working, her depression had worsened and become severe, "marked by constant agitation, suicidal thoughts and inability to cope with daily life." 32 Plath struggled with insomnia, taking medication at night to induce. 32 She lost 20 pounds. 32 However, she continued to take care of her physical appearance proposal and did not outwardly speak of feeling guilty or unworthy.
In July 1962, Plath discovered Hughes had been having an affair with Assia wevill and in September the couple separated. 23 Beginning in October 1962, Plath experienced a great burst of creativity and wrote most of the poems on which her reputation now rests, writing at least 26 of the poems of her posthumous collection Ariel during the final months of her life. In December 1962, she returned alone to london with their children, and rented, on a five-year lease, a flat at 23 Fitzroy road—only a few streets from the Chalcot Square flat. William Butler yeats once lived in the house, which bears an English Heritage blue plaque for writing the Irish poet. Plath was pleased by this fact and considered it a good omen. The northern winter of was one of the coldest in 100 years; the pipes froze, the children—now two years old and nine months—were often sick, and the house had no telephone. 30 Her depression returned but she completed the rest of her poetry collection which would be published after her death (1965 in the uk, 1966 in the us).
23 In February 1961, Plath's second pregnancy ended in miscarriage; several of her poems, reviews including "Parliament Hill fields address this event. 25 In a letter to her therapist, Plath wrote that Hughes beat her two days before the miscarriage. 26 In August she finished her semi-autobiographical novel The bell Jar and immediately after this, the family moved to court Green in the small market town of North Tawton in devon. Nicholas was born in January 1962. 23 In mid-1962, hughes began to keep bees, which would be the subject of many Plath poems. 2 In 1961, the couple rented their flat at Chalcot Square review to Assia and david wevill. Hughes was immediately struck with the beautiful Assia, as she was with him., plath had had a car accident which she described as one of many suicide attempts.
She openly discussed her depression with Lowell and her suicide attempts with Sexton, who led her to write from a more female perspective. Plath began to conceive of herself as a more serious, focused poet and short-story writer. 2 At this time Plath and Hughes first met the poet. Merwin, who admired their work and was to remain a lifelong friend. 21 Plath resumed psychoanalytic treatment in December, working with Ruth beuscher. 2 Chalcot Square, near Primrose hill in London, Plath and Hughes' home from 1959 Plath and Hughes traveled across Canada and the United States, staying at the yaddo artist colony in Saratoga Springs, new York State in late 1959. Plath says that it was here that she learned "to be true to my own weirdnesses but she remained anxious about writing confessionally, from deeply personal and private material. 2 22 The couple moved back to England in December 1959 and 23 lived in London at 3 Chalcot Square, near the Primrose hill area of Regent's Park, where an English Heritage plaque records Plath's residence. 24 Their daughter Frieda was born on April 1, 1960, and in October, Plath published her first collection of poetry, the colossus.
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Then it just grew out of that, i guess, a feeling that we both feeding were writing so much and having such a fine time doing it, we decided that this should keep. 20 Plath described Hughes as "a singer, story-teller, lion and world-wanderer" with "a voice like the thunder of God." 2 Nights, i squat in the cornucopia of your left ear, out of the wind, counting the red stars and those of plum-color. The sun rises under the pillar of your tongue. My hours are married to shadow. No longer do i listen for the scrape of a keel On the blank stones of the landing. from "The colossus The colossus and Other poems, 1960 review The couple married on June 16, 1956, at St george the martyr, holborn (now in the london Borough of Camden ) with Plath's mother in attendance, and spent their honeymoon in Benidorm, spain. Plath returned to newnham in October to begin her second year.
2 During this time, they both became deeply interested in astrology and the supernatural, using ouija boards. In June 1957, Plath and Hughes moved to the United States, and from September, Plath taught at Smith College, her alma mater. She found it difficult to both teach and have enough time and energy to write 17 and in the middle of 1958, the couple moved to boston. Plath took a job as a receptionist in the psychiatric unit of Massachusetts General Hospital and in the evening sat in on creative writing seminars given by poet Robert Lowell (also attended by the writers Anne sexton and george Starbuck ). 17 Both Lowell and Sexton encouraged Plath to write from her experience and she did.
2 Her stay at McLean Hospital and her Smith Scholarship were paid for by Olive higgins Prouty, who had successfully recovered from a mental breakdown herself. Plath seemed to make a good recovery and returned to college. In January 1955, she submitted her thesis, The magic Mirror: a study of the double in Two of Dostoyevsky 's novels, and in June graduated from Smith with highest honors. 17 She obtained a fulbright Scholarship to study at Newnham College, one of the two women-only colleges of the University of Cambridge in England, where she continued actively writing poetry and publishing her work in the student newspaper Varsity. At Newnham, she studied with Dorothea krook, whom she held in high regard.
18 She spent her first year winter and spring holidays traveling around Europe. 2 Career and marriage edit Plath first met poet Ted Hughes on February 25, 1956, at a party in Cambridge. bbc interview (now held by the British Library sound Archive 20 Plath describes how she met Ted Hughes: I happened to be at Cambridge. I was sent there by the us government on a government grant. And I'd read some of Ted's poems in this magazine and I was very impressed and I wanted to meet him. I went to this little celebration and that's actually where we met. Then we saw a great deal of each other. Ted came back to cambridge and suddenly we found ourselves getting married a few months later. We kept writing poems to each other.
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2 The experience was not what she had hoped it would be, and it began a downward spiral. She was furious at not being at a meeting the editor had arranged with Welsh poet Dylan Thomas —a writer whom she loved, said one of her boyfriends, "more than life itself." She hung around the White horse tavern and the Chelsea hotel for two. A few weeks later, she slashed her legs to see if she had enough "courage" to commit suicide. 14 Many of the events that took place during that summer were later used as inspiration for her novel The bell Jar. 15 During this time she was refused admission to the harvard writing seminar. 13 Following electroconvulsive therapy for depression, Plath made her first medically documented suicide attempt in late august 1953 by crawling under her house and taking her mother's sleeping pills. 16 She survived this first suicide attempt after lying unfound in a crawl short space for three days, later writing that she "blissfully succumbed to the whirling blackness that I honestly believed was eternal oblivion." 2 She spent the next six months in psychiatric care, receiving.
A visit to her father's grave later prompted Plath to write the poem "Electra on azalea path". After Otto's death, aurelia moved her children and birthday her parents to 26 Elmwood road, wellesley, massachusetts in 1942. 4 In one of her last prose pieces, Plath commented that her first nine years "sealed themselves off like a ship in a bottle—beautiful inaccessible, obsolete, a fine, white flying myth". 2 12 Plath attended Bradford Senior High School (now Wellesley high School) in Wellesley, graduating in 1950. 2 Just after graduating from high school, she had her first national publication in the Christian Science monitor. 7 College years and depression edit In 1950, Plath attended Smith College and excelled academically. She wrote to her mother, "The world is splitting open at my feet like a ripe, juicy watermelon". 13 She edited The Smith review and during the summer after her third year of college was awarded a coveted position as guest editor at Mademoiselle magazine, during which she spent a month in New York city.
Plath was ambitiously driven to succeed". 7 Plath also had an iq of around 160. 9 10 Otto Plath died on november 5, 1940, a week and a half after Plath's eighth birthday, 4 of complications following the amputation of a foot due to untreated diabetes. He had become ill shortly after a close friend died of lung cancer. Comparing the similarities between his friend's symptoms and his own, Otto became convinced that he, too, had lung cancer and did not seek treatment until his diabetes had progressed too far. Raised as a unitarian, plath experienced a loss of faith after her father's death and remained ambivalent about religion throughout her life. 11 Her father was buried in Winthrop Cemetery, massachusetts.
Pulitzer Prize for, the collected poems. Contents, life and career edit, early life edit, sylvia plath was born on October 27, 1932, in Boston, massachusetts. 1 2, her mother, aurelia schober Plath (19061994 was a second-generation American of Austrian descent, and her father, letter Otto Plath (18851940 was from Grabow, germany. 3 Plath's father was an entomologist and a professor of biology at Boston University who authored a book about bumblebees. 4 On April 27, 1935, Plath's brother Warren was born, the family moved from 24 Prince Street in Jamaica Plain, massachusetts, to 92 Johnson avenue, winthrop, massachusetts. 5 Plath's mother, aurelia, had grown up in Winthrop, and her maternal grandparents, the Schobers, had lived in a section of the town called point Shirley, a location mentioned in Plath's poetry. While living in Winthrop, eight-year-old Plath published her first poem in the boston Herald ' s children's section. 6 over the next few years, Plath published multiple poems in regional magazines and newspapers.
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Sylvia plath ( /plæθ/ ; October 27, 1932 February 11, 1963) was an American poet, novelist, and short-story writer. Boston, she studied at, smith College and, newnham College at the, university of Cambridge before receiving acclaim as a poet and writer. She married fellow poet. Ted Hughes in 1956, and they lived together in the United States and then in England. They had two children, Frieda and, nicholas, before separating in 1962. Plath was clinically depressed for most of her adult life, and was treated multiple times with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). She committed suicide in 1963. Plath is credited vegetarianism with advancing the genre of confessional poetry and is best known for two of her published collections, The colossus and Other poems and, ariel, and, the bell Jar, a semi-autobiographical novel published shortly before her death. In 1982, she won a posthumous.